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This scroll fragment preserves parts of the Book of Leviticus, in which God promises to reward the people of Israel if they observe the Sabbath and obey the 10 commandments.(Credit: copyright The Schøyen Collection, Oslo and London, MS 4611) More than 25 previously unpublished "Dead Sea Scroll" fragments, dating back 2,000 years and holding text from the Hebrew Bible, have been brought to light, their contents detailed in two new books.The IAA is sponsoring a new series of scientific surveys and excavations to find these scrolls before looters do.The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered between 19 in a series of 11 caves by the archaeological site of Qumran in the Judean Desert, near the Dead Sea.The scrolls remained hidden for the next two thousand years.In 1947, a Bedouin shepherd named Muhammad (Ahmed el-Dhib) was searching for his lost goat and came upon a small opening of a cave.
, take human wives who give birth to gargantuan offspring, while introducing evil into the world; and “The War Scroll,” which outlines the anticipated final battle between good and evil, or “The “Sons of Light” against “The Sons of Darkness,” complete with detailed army strategies and the blowing of trumpets.1951 saw the date revised and that revision uncritically held fast despite the new archaeological discoveries.Although excavator of the site Roland de Vaux belatedly acknowledged in a public lecture that the scroll jars in the caves were indeed from the first century BCE (1959) and eventually published the same point (1962) he never provided specific details.That jar in Qumran’s Locus 2 was now re-dated to the first century BCE. But the first century CE date held for the Qumran “community” by arguing that the room was swept clean and re-used through the first century CE by the “community” or people who would be related to the scrolls.That is, despite the discovery of BCE setting, the CE date for the scrolls failed to budge.
Scholars have expressed concerns that some of the fragments are forgeries.